Pinned 3 months 2 weeks ago onto Quantum Physics

Source: http://www.space.com/36724-higgs-boson-not-so-godlike.html

**Higgs Boson:** "the asymmetrical state of the 4th Higgs field leads to the production of the photon..."

'The state-changing nature of the Higgs boson in the material universe relates to a fundamental question of modern physics. Physicists observe four forces of nature: electromagnetic, strong nuclear, weak nuclear and gravity. The photon carries the electromagnetic force, while the W, Z+ and Z- bosons carry the weak nuclear force and a set of gluons carries the strong nuclear force. Gravity is carried by natural causes and effects that have not been fully understood by our best scientists and mathematicians even to this day.

The four primary forces of nature are radically different from one another. With families of fermions, a simple change of charge or different measure of mass will produce a new kind of particle. In the boson world, the electromagnetic force is completely different from the weak nuclear force in terms of mass, range, and interactions, and their respective force carriers aren't even on the same wavelength of interrelation to have observable interactions. At high enough energy densities — like in a particle collider — there are only three forces of nature: strong nuclear, gravity, and a strange hybrid of electromagnetic and weak nuclear called the electroweak force.

The electroweak force appears only at high energies, and a quartet of massless particles carry it. Mathematically, these particles and their associated force are in a highly symmetric state. But at low (equivalent to normal, everyday earth) energies, the unified symmetric force breaks apart to become a split electromagnetic force (carried by the massless photon) and weak nuclear force (carried by a much heavier trio of particles). The cause of the split is the Higgs boson.

In the high-energy, symmetric state, not only are there four massless carriers of the electroweak force, but there are also four Higgs fields. The reason there are precisely four relate to the same deep symmetries in electroweak unification that provide the mathematical machinery for constructing the four Higgs fields. The existence of a Higgs field at high energies is mathematically structured in the fundamental symmetries of our universe.

At high temperatures, the four carriers of the electroweak force conduct energy with the resonance of four Higgs fields. At low temperatures, the Higgs fields get partially disrupted. Three of them "glue" to three of the electroweak carriers. These hybrid states can become massive, potentially related to quantum non-locality in higher dimensions, where physicists know them as the W, Z+, and Z- bosons. Through these interrelated processes, causes & effects, the weak force is born.

But the fourth Higgs field can remain in an asymmetrical state that prevents it from matching up with the electroweak carrier. That carrier then remains massless — leading to the production of the photon, carrying the electromagnetic force across wave-particle dualities whose fundamental state exhibits quantum uncertainty principles in time.

That fourth Higgs field is actually what scientists are empirically looking for when searching for the Higgs boson. By searching for the particle, researchers can also learn about its associated field to get a better understanding of why the weak nuclear force is fundamentally different from the electromagnetic force.

The relationship between the Higgs boson and mass? There is indeed a relationship, but probably not the one you think. And that story has to wait for another article. Learn more by listening to the episode "Why Is the Higgs boson Important? (Part 1)" on the Ask a Spaceman podcast, available on iTunes and on the web at http://www.askaspaceman.com.'

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